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How To Create a Screen Sharing Application With JavaScript

How To Create a Screen Sharing Application With JavaScript

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Anthony Smith
·Jul 1, 2022·

3 min read

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Have you ever wondered how hard or easy it would be to create your own screen-sharing application?

In this article, we will show you how to create a screen-sharing application with JavaScript via the Screen Capture API and its getDisplayMedia() technique. This will allow us to capture half or all of a screen and share it with other users throughout a WebRTC conference session.

Initial Steps:

  1. Create a new project in your favorite IDE.
  2. Setup HTML boilerplate code
  3. Add JavaScript code
  4. Deploy Live server

Create a new project in your favorite IDE

I'm going to be using VScode for this tutorial. Feel free to use the editor of your choice. Let's go ahead and set up our html code.

HTML:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <title>Screen Sharing</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.3.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>

<body>
    <div style="width:80%;background: grey;margin: auto;">
        <video id="video" autoplay playsinline muted></video>
    </div>
    <div style="width:80%;margin: auto;padding-top:10px ;">
        <button class="btn btn-primary" id="start"> Start Screen Sharing</button>
        <button class="btn btn-secondary" id="stop"> Stop</button>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

Start your live-server and open the index.html file in your browser. You should see a page that looks like this:

screenshare.png

JavaScript:

Next, we need to add some JavaScript code to our index.html file. Go ahead and add your script tags to the body section of your index.html file and add the following code:

const videoElem = document.getElementById("video");
      const startElem = document.getElementById("start");
      const stopElem = document.getElementById("stop");
      // Options for getDisplayMedia()
      var displayMediaOptions = {
          video: {
              cursor: "always",
              height: 1000,
              width: 1200
          },
          audio: false
      };
      // Set event listeners for the start and stop buttons
      startElem.addEventListener("click", function (evt) {
          startCapture();
      }, false);
      // Stop the screen capture
      stopElem.addEventListener("click", function (evt) {
          stopCapture();
      }, false);
      // Start the screen capture
      async function startCapture() {
          try {
              videoElem.srcObject = await navigator.mediaDevices.getDisplayMedia(displayMediaOptions);
              dumpOptionsInfo();
          } catch (err) {
              // Handle error
              console.error("Error: " + err);
          }
      }
      // Stop the stream
      function stopCapture(evt) {
          let tracks = videoElem.srcObject.getTracks();
          tracks.forEach(track => track.stop());
          videoElem.srcObject = null;
      }
      // Dump the available media track capabilities to the console
      function dumpOptionsInfo() {
          const videoTrack = videoElem.srcObject.getVideoTracks()[0];
          console.info("Track settings:");
          console.info(JSON.stringify(videoTrack.getSettings(), null, 2));
          console.info("Track constraints:");
          console.info(JSON.stringify(videoTrack.getConstraints(), null, 2));
}

Test the Application

Now we can go ahead and test our application. Open the index.html file in your browser and click on the start button to initialize the screen capture.

live-share.png

Click on a screen and you should see the video stream of the screen you clicked on. You can also click on the stop button to stop the screen capture.

sharing-screen.png

Full Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <title>Screen Sharing</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.3.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>

<body>
    <div style="width:80%;background: grey;margin: auto;">
        <video id="video" autoplay playsinline muted></video>
    </div>
    <div style="width:80%;margin: auto;padding-top:10px ;">
        <button class="btn btn-primary" id="start"> Start Screen Sharing</button>
        <button class="btn btn-secondary" id="stop"> Stop</button>
    </div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        const videoElem = document.getElementById("video");
        const startElem = document.getElementById("start");
        const stopElem = document.getElementById("stop");
        // Options for getDisplayMedia()
        var displayMediaOptions = {
            video: {
                cursor: "always",
                height: 1000,
                width: 1200
            },
            audio: false
        };
        // Set event listeners for the start and stop buttons
        startElem.addEventListener("click", function (evt) {
            startCapture();
        }, false);
        stopElem.addEventListener("click", function (evt) {
            stopCapture();
        }, false);
        async function startCapture() {
            try {
                videoElem.srcObject = await navigator.mediaDevices.getDisplayMedia(displayMediaOptions);
                dumpOptionsInfo();
            } catch (err) {
                console.error("Error: " + err);
            }
        }

        function stopCapture(evt) {
            let tracks = videoElem.srcObject.getTracks();
            tracks.forEach(track => track.stop());
            videoElem.srcObject = null;
        }

        function dumpOptionsInfo() {
            const videoTrack = videoElem.srcObject.getVideoTracks()[0];
            console.info("Track settings:");
            console.info(JSON.stringify(videoTrack.getSettings(), null, 2));
            console.info("Track constraints:");
            console.info(JSON.stringify(videoTrack.getConstraints(), null, 2));
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

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